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1. Latest developments at the Security Council Retour à la table des matières

- On 11 February 2014, the Security Council adopted a press statement welcoming the joint communiqué that was agreed by the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot leaders and commending them for the political leadership they have shown.

- On 30 January 2014, the Security Council unanimously adopted the resolution 2135 renewing the United Nations Peace Keeping Force in Cyprus’ (UNFICYP) mandate.

- On 22 January 2014, the members of the Security Council met during closed consultations to hear the report of Mrs. Buttenheim, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and head of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP), and, by VTC, of Mr. Downer, Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on Cyprus, on the situation in Cyprus.

The permanent representative of France highlighted the importance for the parties to continue their efforts in order to better prepare the resumption of negotiations. In this regard, he stressed that the preparation of a “joint communiqué” was a useful exercise because discussions on this project had allowed to reach agreements on important elements. It was useful for this exercise to continue. He further expressed the wish for the Security Council to continue supporting the process by reaffirming the internationally agreed parameters of a federal bi-zonal and bi-communal State with political equality as defined in Security Council resolutions. The permanent representative pointed out that the principle of single sovereignty had been endorsed by Resolution 1251.

Finally, he emphasized that the United Nations, via the good offices mission, had to ensure that the atmosphere of negotiations remained positive and to support the resumption of the negotiations in accordance with the United Nations agreed parameters.

- On 30 July 2013, the Security Council adopted resolution 2114 renewing for one year UNFICYP’s mandate.

-  The complete timeline of events here.

2. Context Retour à la table des matières

A United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) was established in 1964 under Security Council Resolution 186 (1964) following clashes between the Cypriot, Greek and Turkish communities.

The island has been divided since Turkey invaded the north of the island in 1974 in reaction to a coup d’état by Greek-Cypriot nationalists supported by Athens who wanted to return the island to Greece. A referendum aimed at reunifying the island, put forward by the United Nations (known as the Annan Plan), was rejected by the residents of the south of the island in 2004.

Since the agreement of 21 March 2008 between the leaders of both communities, a process of inter-communal negotiations for a comprehensive settlement has been taking place. These negotiations are being held under the auspices of the UN Secretary-General.

Mr. Alexander Downer (former Foreign Minister of Australia) is Special Adviser to the UNSG and heads the good offices mission.

Ms. Lisa Buttenheim (from the United States) has been the Secretary-General’s Special Representative and top United Nations official in Cyprus since June 2010. She heads UNFYCIP.

In the hopes of reunifying the island, France affirms its non-acceptance of the status quo and the need for a comprehensive, fair and long-term political settlement of the Cyprus problem, the internationally agreed parameters of such a settlement being a federal bi-zonal and bi-communal State with political equality as defined in Security Council resolutions.

The Security Council traditionally renews the mandate of UNFICYP every six months.

(February 2014)

3. Reference documents Retour à la table des matières

- 11 February 2014 - Security Council - Press statement - on joint communiqué agreed by the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot leaders

- 30 January 2014 - Security Council - Resolution 2135 renewing UNFICYP’s mandate.

- 30 July 2013 - Security Council - Resolution 2114 renewing for one year UNFICYP’s mandate.

- 24 January - Security Council - Resolution 2089, extending for six months the mandate of UNFICYP.

- 19 July 2012 - Security Council - Resolution 2058 extending the mandate of UNFICYP for six months

- 4 December 2011 - Resolution 2026 - renewing the mandate of UNFICYP

- 14 December 2010 - Security Council - Resolution 1953 - extending UNFICYP’s mandate

- 15 June 2010 - Security Council - Resolution 1930 extending UNFICYP’s mandate

- 14 December 2009 - Security Council - Resolution 1898 (2009)

- 29 May 2009 - Security Council - Resolution 1873 (2009)

- 30 April 2009 - Statement by the President of the Security Council

- 12 December 2008 - Security Council - Resolution 1847 (2008)

- 29 June 1999 - Security Council - Resolution 1251 (1999).

- 4 march 1964 - Security Council - Resolution 186 (1964)

4. Useful Links Retour à la table des matières

- UNFICYP website

- Cyprus file on the website of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs

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Organisation des Nations Unies Présidence de la République France Diplomatie La France à l'Office des Nations Unies à Genève Union Européenne Première réunion de l'ONU