On 30 August 2011, the Security Council met for its quarterly assesment of the Kosovo issue with the participation of Mr Vuk Jeremic, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia, Mr Enver Hoxhaj, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo and Dr. Farid Zarif, Special Representative of the Secretary General. In his statement, the Representative of France noted that the recent regain of tensions in the north of Kosovo would lead the international community to remain vigilant. He underlined that the dialogue had to bring concrete results and to be conducted in a spirit of mutual trust. The international presence played a stabilizing role, particularly with the EU mission EULEX in the fight against corruption and organized crime. It is now up to the government of Kosovo to implement appropriate policies.
On 29 November 2011, the Security Council met in the presence of Mr Vuk Jeremic, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia, Mr Enver Hoxhaj, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo and Dr. Farid Zarif, the newly appointed Permanent Representative of the Secretary General, to assess the situation in Kosovo. The Security Council examined the incidents that left several KFOR soldiers wounded. In his statement, the Permanent Representative of France strongly condemned these acts of violence aimed at EULEX and KFOR missions personnels deployed in Kosovo under a clear UN mandate, and called Belgrade and Pristina to pursue their dialogue and their efforts towards European Union membership.
On 8 February 2012, the Security Council met to receive the report of Mr. Edmond Mulet, Under Secretary General for Peacekeeping Operations, on the situation in Kosovo, followed by interventions by the ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo, Mr. Vuk Jeremic and Mr. Enver Hoxhaj. Mr. Mulet reported significant progress in the dialogue between Belgrade and Pristina in light of the adoption of several agreements. The situation on the ground had also improved as the stakeholders had stepped up their efforts to ease the tensions. During his statement, Mr. Jeremic commended the work of UNMIK in preventing tensions, as well as that of EULEX for its contribution to the reinforcement of both the administration and justice. Mr. Hoxhaj expressed his wish to build confidence between the two countries, while urging the Serbian government to respect the provisions taken in Brussels.
In his statement, the French Representative welcomed the positive outcome of this dialogue.
On 14 may 2012, the Security Council met in an open debate with the special representative of the Secretary General, Mr Farid Zarif to discuss the evolution of the situation in Kosovo and of the UN mission in the country, UNMIK.
Despite the deployment of supplementary forces by UNMIK, the period prior and after the first round of the presidential election had been characterized by ongoing inter-communitarian violence and high criminality. Mr Zarif emphasized the instability of the status quo between Serbia and Kosovo and praised the EU for its role in facilitating the cooperation between the parties. He called the international community to overcome their cleavages and to further engage in a final resolution of the Kosovo issue.
The Representative of France underlined that the May presidential elections were held in a satisfactory manner (under the control of NATO and EULEX) and hailed both parties for their steps towards European integration. He restated his support for an international presence as long as was deemed necessary. See his declaration
On 17 July 2012, the Security Council met in closed consultations, at the request of Russia, on the situation in Kosovo.
The Representative of France regretted the recent incident opposing Kosovares and Serbian Kosovares but nothing indicated that they could be called as inter-ethnic violence. The Representative of France underlined that there was no tangible evidence supporting the alleged presence of training camps of the Syrian opposition in Kosovo, and that the Kosovo authorities themselves had denied the existence of such camps.
On 21 August 2012, the Security Council held consultations on the situation in Kosovo, in the presence of Mr. Ivica Dacic, Prime Minister of Serbia, and Mr. Haçim Thaçi, Prime Minister of Kosovo. The Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Mr. Farid Zarif, reported about the UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) activities. He welcomed the European Union-led dialogue between Pristina and Belgrade, stressing the need for a further implementation of existing agreements, especially concerning the freedom of movement and cadastre records. The overall security situation remained generally calm, even if some minor incidents were reported.
The French Representative stressed that the end of the “supervised independence” of Kosovo would be an opportunity to consolidate its sovereignty and should bring both countries, Serbia and Kosovo, closer to the European Union.
On 27 November 2012, on the occasion of its quarterly debate on the situation in Kosovo, the Security Council heard a briefing by Mr. Farid Zarif, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of UNMIK. He welcomed the opening of a new phase of political dialogue at the highest level between Kosovo and Serbia. The Foreign Affairs Ministers of Serbia and Kosovo, who participated to the debate confirmed their commitment to a genuine and peaceful dialogue, which was the only solution for the normalization of the relationships between Pristina and Belgrade.
The Representative of France underscored that the outlook of European integration was crucial as it was the only perspective from both countries to move on.. He welcomed the accession of Serbia to EU membership candidate status and the negotiation of a stabilisation and association agreement with Kosovo. The end of the “supervised independence” in Kosovo had been uneventful and was promising.
On 22 March 2013, for its quarterly debate on the situation in Kosovo, the Security Council heard a report from Mr. Farid Zarif, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of UNMIK, in the presence of Mr Haçim Thaci, Prime minister of Kosovo and of Mr Ivica Dacic, Prime minister of Serbia.
The Representative of France welcomed the significant progress made by the governments of Serbia and Kosovo under the aegis of the European Union, however, calling the authorities in each country to remain engaged in this historic process. He emphasized on the one hand, it was essential to strengthen the rights of different communities across Kosovo, protecting their cultural and religious heritage and, on the other hand, to ensure the safety and reintegration of internally displaced persons.
On 14 June 2013, the British presidency of the Security Council convened a debate with Mr. Farid Zarif, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Kosovo, Mr. Ivica Dacic, Prime Minister of Serbia, and his counterpart from Kosovo Mr. Thaci Hacim.
The members of the Security Council welcomed the agreement reached by Serbia and Kosovo on 19 April, under the auspices of the European Union, which marks the normalization of relations between the two countries and determines the conditions for a sustainable regional peace. The representative of France called for a rapid implementation of the provisions contained in the agreement, and a reinforcement of the cooperation between Kosovo and Serbia, in the perspective of European integration.
On 29 August 2013, Mr. Fareed Zarif, Special Representative of the Secretary-General, presented the latest developments in Kosovo to the members of the Security Council. Following this presentation, Council members heard Mr. Ivan Mrksic and Mr. Enver Hoxhaj, respectively Minister of Foreign Affairs of Serbia and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kosovo.
The members of the Security Council stated that the implementation of the 19 April agreements was essential to the normalization of the relations between the two parties. The representative of France declared that Kosovo and Serbia should work closely with the OSCE in order to successfully conduct the municipal elections on November 3, and should promote the highest possible participation of the Kosovo Serb community in these elections. He also called on UNMIK to adapt its presence on the ground in accordance with the Kosovo authorities, and asked both parties to respect the freedom of movement of KFOR and EULEX staff members.
On 10 February 2013, Mr. Fareed Zarif, Special Representative of the Secretary-General, presented the latest developments in Kosovo to the members of the Security Council. Following this presentation, Council members heard Mr. Ivica Dacic and Mr. Hashim Thaçi, respectively Prime Minister of Serbia and Prime Minister of Kosovo.
Mr. Zarif welcomed the significant progress made in 2013, permitted particularly by direct communication between the parties. The remaining obstacles needed to be overcome by encouraging the sense of initiative of the Prime Ministers. In terms of security, strengthening confidence in the police and the justice was essential. Full implementation of municipal governments should also be supported by all stakeholders. Mr. Zarif expressed serious concerns about populations in the North and requested further efforts concerning the improvement of infrastructures, the provision of public services and the maintenance of order. Finally, the international commitment was essential to promote the highest possible participation of the Kosovo Serb community in the 16 March parliamentary elections.
The Representative of France argued that the agreement reached on 19 April between Serbia and Kosovo under the auspices of the European Union and of the High Representative was an unprecedented step in the normalization of their relations and welcomed the parties for the relentless pursuit of their dialogue since then. He also welcomed the holding over the last few months of municipal elections, with a relatively high participation rate throughout the whole territory. Given that the positive trend was expected to continue, all stakeholders had to remain committed to the pursuance of dialogue and to search for tangible marks of the implementation of the agreement. Restoring mutual trust between communities remained the only path to peace and regional cooperation and it should be ensured that both parties remained engaged constructively and over time in the improvement of their relations. The Representative of France finally called on the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) to adapt its presence on the ground.