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Afghanistan


"France will remain engaged with its allies and the Afghan people, in the transition process expected to end in late 2014" Gerard Araud, Permanent Representative of France, Secrurity Council, July 6, 2011



1. Latest developments Retour à la table des matières


- On 25 June 2014, the Security Council held a public debate on the situation in Afghanistan. The head of UNAMA (United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan) commended the holding of presidential elections which reinforced the political transition in view of putting an end to the cycle of violence in Afghanistan. He reminded the commitment of the UN in offering a technical expertise to the Afghan administration. He called for peace and collaboration between all parties.

The Executive Director of UNODC (United Nations Office against Drug and Crime) called for international support to fight illicit commerce in Afghanistan (opium, heroine). He supported regional and inter-regional cooperation with Afghanistan in the fight against drug trafficking.

The Permanent Representative of Afghanistan expressed his gratitude for the international support for the holding of the elections. He reminded the Afghan government’s commitment to political transition. The Permanent Representative of France commended the massive participation of Afghans to the presidential elections. He called on both candidates to respect electoral rules. He encouraged the commitment of the international community, especially Afghanistan’s regional partners, to tackle the challenges the country was facing such as the fight against drug trafficking.

At the end of this debate, two presidential elections were adopted, on the commitment of all actors to the Afghan political transition and for the stabilization of the country.

- On 17 March 2014, a few days after the release of the Secretary-General’s report on the situation in Afghanistan, the members of the Security Council held a meeting around M. Kubiš, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and head of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), as well as around Mr. Tanin, Permanent Representative of Afghanistan.

Mr. Kubiš and Mr. Tanin recalled that the 5 April presidential and provincial elections were crucial. It was fundamental that they take place in a credible, legitimate and transparent manner. The country also had to focus on cooperation with the international community, regional cooperation, as well as development. The protection of human rights, in particular of women and young girls, was also essential.

All members of the Security Council insisted on the fact that this final year of transition was fundamental. The elections were a historic event, with the first democratic transfer from a President to another in Afghanistan. The Council members also condemned the latest terrorist attacks against United Nations personnel and civilians.

They finally agreed on UNAMA’s role in stabilizing and peacebuilding the country and unanimously adopted resolution 2145 renewing for one year UNAMA’s mandate.

- On 17 January 2014, the Security Council adopted a press statement condemning in the strongest terms the terrorist attack at a restaurant in Kabul, Afghanistan, which caused a number of deaths and injuries to Afghan civilians and international personnel, including United Nations staff, responsibility for which has been claimed by the Taliban.

- On 17 December 2013, the Security Council heard M. Jan Kubiš, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Afghanistan and Head of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), on the recent political, economic and security developments of the Afghan transition. A political solution, based on transparent and inclusive elections with full participation of women, and regional cooperation were essential to guarantee peace, security and stability.

The Representative of France recalled that Afghanistan was in the last stage of preparation of the 2014 presidential election. It success would depend on security. Every effort should be made to ensure that Afghan forces address this challenge. The humanitarian and human rights situation remained a matter of concern, the recrudescence of fighting having tragic consequences for the civilian population. Concerning women’s rights, delays of authorities in setting up the implementation report of the law for the Elimination of Violence against Women were a matter of concern. Finally, the fight against drugs was not only a security imperative, but also of public health and should be better taken into account at a political level. In this context, the United Nations will be asked to assume increased responsibility in Afghanistan. UNAMA’s political and promotion of human rights role should definitely be reinforced.

- On 4 December 2013, the Security Council adopted a press statement condemning the attacks in Afghanistan’s Uruzgan Province on 26 November and Faryab Province on 27 November, which resulted in the death of nine development workers and brought the number of attacks against humanitarian personnel, facilities and assets in Afghanistan to 237 so far this year.

-  The complete timeline of events here.

2. Commitment on the ground Retour à la table des matières


— France works alongside forty-seven nations, at the request of the Afghan authorities and under the UN mandate, within the framework of a force under commandment of NATO, the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). It is the fourth leading supplier of troops to ISAF, with a commitment of 3935 men.

ISAF was established by the United Nations Security Council on 20 December 2001 through resolution 1386. Its mandate is renewed every year by the Security Council (the last renewal was on 12 October 2011 until 12 October 2012 with resolution 2011). The force has been under NATO command since 11 August 2003 and its mandate is to help the Afghan government guarantee a safe environment in Kabul that will ensure the successful reconstruction and development of the country through civilian efforts. French military efforts fall within the scope of a comprehensive policy to provide reconstruction assistance, clearly aimed at the gradual transfer of responsibilities to the Afghan people. The NATO summit of December 2010 validated a strategy aiming at transferring the security responsibilities of the country to the Afghan authorities for 2014.

— The United Nations is represented in Afghanistan by a civil mission, the United Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), established by Security Council Resolution 1401 (8 March 2002), whose mandate was renewed for one year on 22 March 2012, by Resolution 2041. France does not supply personnel to this mission. Under the direction of the Secretary General’s Special Representative, Kai Eide, UNAMA is responsible for supporting Afghanistan in its democratic transition. It is headed by Mr Staffan de Mistura, who replaced M. Kai Eide on 2 March 2010 as Special Representative of the Secretary-General.

— France contributes about 150 gendarmes to the European Gendarmerie Force (EGF), which was set up following resolution 1890. EFG participates in the operational training of the Afghan national police force which will be able to eventually take over from the military on the ground.

Afghans voting in Herat, Afghanistan - 20 août 2009
UN Photo/Tim Page


3. Diplomatic actions Retour à la table des matières

— In addition to increasing the number high level bilateral visits to Afghanistan, France strengthened its activities on the international scene by organizing two high level events. The International Conference in Support of Afghanistan on 12 June 2008, in Paris achieved donor commitments of $20 billion for the reconstruction and development in Afghanistan.


Visit to Afghanistan by the French Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr.Laurent Fabius - 20 October 2012 - Press meeting with Zalmai Rassoul, his Afghan counterpartl
Photo : AFP/Massoud Hossaini


— The informal ministerial-level meeting for Afghanistan and its neighbors was held at La Celle Saint-Cloud on 14 December 2008. At the meeting, France reaffirmed its commitment to take up the major challenges facing the country, in particular with regard to strengthening the rule of law and security, fighting corruption and terrorism, reforming the police and the legal system, combating drug production and trafficking and improving the regional coordination in order to provide the economic development of Afghanistan.

— At the United Nations, France initiated Security Council Resolution 1817 (11 June 2008) aimed at combating the illegal production and international trafficking of precursor chemicals in Afghanistan. France indicated it would like to further integrate the regional dimension of the Afghan conflict into its approach to this country in order to reinforce the cooperation of neighbouring countries with the International Narcotics Control Board.

— France, along with Germany and the United Kingdom, proposed that an international conference be convened on Afghanistan. This took place in London on 28 January 2010, and was co-hosted by Prime minister Gordon Brown, President Karzai and Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. It focused on three key areas: security; development and governance; the regional framework and international architecture.

Following the international conference, a Final Communiqué was adopted.

— An international conference on Afghanistan was held on 20 July 2010 in Kabul. Following this conference co-hosted by President Karzai and Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon a Final Communiqué was adopted.

4. Work of the General Assembly Retour à la table des matières

— Each year the General Assembly adopts a resolution by consensus on the situation in Afghanistan. This practice began in the early 80s, when the General Assembly was asked to react to the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan in response to the paralysis of the Security Council.

— On 4 November 2010, the General Assembly adopted its resolution on “the situation in Afghanistan ", which provides a comprehensive presentation of the various issues at stake in the country : reconciliation, elections, changes in the security situation, transition, fight against drug trafficking, follow-up of the Kabul conference.

— On 9 November 2009, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted by consensus its annual resolution on Afghanistan. It welcomed the holding of presidential elections in Afghanistan and called on the new government to implement concrete reforms to create a relationship of trust with the Afghan citizens. The resolution called in particular on the future government to strengthen the rule of law, to fight against corruption and to accelerate the reform of the legal system (Mr. Hamid Karzai was declared winner of the presidential elections on 2 November by the Independent Electoral Commission after the withdrawal before the second round of voting of his opponent Dr. Abdullah Abdullah).

(March 2014)

5. Latest French statements Retour à la table des matières

- 17 March 2014 - Security Council - Afghanistan - Statement by Mr. Philippe Bertoux, Political Counsellor of the Mission of France to the United Nations

- 17 December 2013 - Security Council - Afghanistan - Statement by Mr Alexis Lamek, Deputy Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations

- 20 June 2013 - Security Council - Afghanistan / UNAMA - Statement by Mr. Gérard Araud, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations

- 19 March 2013 - Security Council - Afghanistan – Statement by Mr Gérard Araud, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations

- 19 December 2012 – Security Council – Afghanistan / UNAMA – Statement by Mr. Martin Briens, Deputy Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations

See all French statements

6. Reference documents Retour à la table des matières

- 15 July 2014 - Security Council - Press statement on Afghanistan attacks

- 25 June 2014 - Security Council - Presidential statement on the situation in Afghanistan

- 25 June 2014 - Security Council - Presidential statement on the situation in Afghanistan

- 6 June 2014 - Security Council - Press statement - Attack in Kabul

- 15 mai 2014 - Security Council - Press statement on the presidential elections in Afghanistan

- 17 March 2014 - Security Council - Resolution 2145 renewing for one year UNAMA’s mandate

- 17 January 2014 - Security Council - Press statement - terrorist attack at a restaurant in Kabul

- 4 December 2013 - Security Council - press statement - Attacks in Afghanistan

- 10 October 2013 - Security Council - Resolution 2120 - extending ISAF mandate until 31 December 2014

- 13 September 2013 - Security Council - Press statement - Attack on the United States Consulate in Herat

- 5 august 2013 - Security Council - Press statement - Attack near the Indian consulate in Jalalabad

- 15 July 2013 - Security Council - Press statement - United Nations Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia (UNRCCA)

- 11 june 2013 - Security Council - Press statement - Attack near the Supreme Court building in Kabul

- 4 April 2013 - Security Council - Press statement

- 19 March 2013 - Security Council - Resolution 2096, renewing for one year UNAMA mandate

- 17 December 2012 - Security Council - Resolutions 2082 and 2083 renewing for 18 months the sanctions regime against Al Qaeda and the Talibans.

- 9 October 2012 - Security Council - Resolution 2069 - renewing for one year the authorization given to ISAF (International Security Assistance Force) of the use of force in Afghanistan.

- 17 August 2012 - Security Council Press Statement

- 22 March 2012 - Security Council - Resolution 2041 renewing for one year UNAMA mandate

- 12 October 2011 - Security Council - Resolution 2011 renewing for one year the authorization given to ISAF (International Security Assistance Force)

- 1 April 2011 - Security Council Press Statement on the attack in Mazar-i-Sharif

- 22 March 2011 - Security Council - Resolution 1974 renewing for one year UNAMA mandate

- 4 November 2010 - General Assembly - Resolution on the situation in Afghanistan

- 23 July 2010 - Security Council Press Statement on the Kabul International Conference

- 20 July 2010 - Kabul International Conference - Final Communiqué

- 5 February 2010 - London Conference on Afghanistan - Security Council Press Statement

- 28 January 2010 - London Conference on Afghanistan - Communiqué final

- 9 November 2009 - General Assembly - Resolution A/RES/64/11

- 8 October 2009 - Security Council - Resolution 1890

- 20 August 2009 - Security Council Press Statement on Afghanistan elections

- 15 July 2009 - Security Council Presidential Statement

- 16 June 2008 - Security Council Press Statement

- 17 July 2007 - Security Council Presidential Statement

7. Useful links Retour à la table des matières

- Read the file on Afghanistan on the French Foreign Ministry’’s website

- Visit ISAF’’s website

- Visit UNAMA’’s website

- Brochure : "France’’s commitment in Afghanistan"



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