On 11 November 2010, the Security Council met to hear the report of Mr. Inzko, High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina and Special Representative of the European Union. Mr Nebojsa Radmanovic, President of the Presidency of Bosnia-Herzegovina, participated in the meeting. In his statement, the Representative of France regretted the deadlocks and internal conflicts described in the latest report. "For ten years the international community has supported the Bosnian authorities to help them build institutions capable of running the country (...). Instead of taking advantage of these opportunities, the leaders of the country, in particular those of the Republika Srpska have been amplifying their criticism of the international community that has steadfastly supported the country for so many years."
On 18 November 2010, the mandate given to the European Union Stabilization Force (EUFOR) was extended for a year (until 18 November 2011) by resolution 1948 adopted unanimously by the Security Council.
On 9 May 2011, the Security Council met for its six-monthly public debate on the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the presence of Mr Valentin Inzko, High Representative for Bosnia-and-Herzegovina.
In his statement, the Permanent Representative of France regretted that the political situation in the country was "seriously deteriorating". The lack of government was impeding reforms. France was "concerned about the questioning of judicial institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina and of the authority of the High Representative. It warns against any action that would violate the Dayton Agreement, and constitute a threat to national stability."
On 15 november 2011, the Security Council met to hear a report by Valentin Inzko, High Representative for Bosnia Herzegovina. Mr Inzko depicted a peaceful security situation. Despite the progress that had been noted in his previous report, violations of the Dayton agreements persisted. Ethno-nationalist policies hampered the coexistence between communities, and hindered European and NATO integration.
In his statement, the French Representative expressed concerns over the failures to form a central government in Bosnia, which impacted the country’s economy as well as its integration in the EU. He called for the resumption of reforms in a spirit of compromise and dialogue.
On 16 November 2011, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2019 which extends for another 12 months the mandate of the European Union mission in Bosnia and Hezegovina, EUFOR ALTHEA.
On 15 May 2012, the Security Council heard Mr. Valentin Inzko, High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the situation in the country.
Mr. Inzko commended the formation of a government and the resumption of a political process based on dialogue and compromise. Several laws had been passed to accelerate the country’s convergence to the European Union. Progress had been made towards a participation of Bosnia in the NATO action plan.
The Representative of France hailed the sustainable calm of the situation on the ground. Political actors should refrain from any rhetoric challenging the sovereignty of the country and hindering the political process.
On 13 November 2012, the Security Council heard Mr. Valentin Inzko, High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the situation in the country.
The Representative of France reported recent positive political developments (law on census, adoption of a State budget, clarification by the Constitutional Court of the principle of state property). He condemned divisive political rhetoric but noted that the calm used to prevail in the country for several years. The Office of the High Representative had to be reconfigured to improve its efficiency and thus act complementarily to the rise of the plan of the European Union on the field.
On 14 November 2012, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2074, which extends for another 12 months the mandate of the European Union mission in Bosnia and Hezegovina, EUFOR ALTHEA.
On 12 November 2013, the Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2123 renewing EUFOR Althea’s mandate. Following this adoption, the Security Council held a debate on Bosnia and Herzegovina in the presence of the Bosnian, Croat, Serb and European Union Representatives.
At this occasion, Mr. Valentin Inzko, UN High Representative for the country, presented his 10th report on the implementation of the Dayton Agreements. If he reported some advances, such as the first census over 20 years last October, many challenges were remaining concerning the implementation of peace agreements and the country’s territorial integrity. Bosnia and Herzegovina was in a political and institutional deadlock that prevented the achievement of the necessary objectives for the accession to the EU. Over the past six months, authorities were unable to achieve the necessary progress in stability and reconciliation. Their lack of commitment had a negative impact on the reform process. They did not respond in particular to the demands of citizens concerning discriminatory provisions in elections and the unique identification number, which led to demonstrations last June. Community leaders in Bosnia and Herzegovina were prisoners of their own ethnic considerations, as shown by the secessionist rhetoric of the leaders of Republika Srpska. Despite these difficult circumstances, Mr. Inzko emphasized and welcomed the vital role of NATO’s and EU’s continued military presence.
In his intervention, the French Representative welcomed the stability of the security situation on the ground. However, he expressed concerns on the recurrent political crises which distracted Bosnian authorities from the objective of a Euro-Atlantic integration. He encouraged the Bosnian Government to return to the path of reforms, bring the Constitution into line with the European Convention on Human Rights and continue its cooperation with the Criminal Tribunal. Stressing the insufficient action of the authorities, he urged them to accelerate their course towards accession. Finally, the Representative of France called for the continuation of the reconfiguration of the international presence in the country, which illustrates the key role European Union is playing there.
On 15 May 2014, the Security Council held a debate on Bosnia and Herzegovina in the presence of the Bosnian, Croat, Serb and European Union Representatives. At this occasion, Mr. Valentin Inzko, UN High Representative for the country, presented his 11th report on the implementation of the Dayton Agreements.
Mr. Inzko expressed concern about the lack of progress made over the past six months in the implementation of the Dayton Agreements. There was an increasing secessionist rhetoric, in particular within the Republika Srpska. Some leaders continued to promote their own interests over those of the citizens. The politic and economic situation was deteriorating, which undermined the perspective of Euro-Atlantic integration. The population, aspiring to socio-economic and governance reforms, also expressed its mistrust through the February demonstrations against an elite that proved unable to make the institutions of the country operate and to meet its needs. After the legislative elections of October 2014, there was still a long way to go for the reaffirmation of a united Bosnian Herzegovina, cornerstone for a sustainable peace and prosperity. It included in particular a change of attitude of the leaders.
In his intervention, the French representative recalled that the perspective of European integration offered a path for a sustainable future for Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, its leaders had to undertake expected reforms. Finally, the framework inherited from Dayton remained the frame of reference for the action of the international community in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The territorial integrity and sovereignty of the country could not be questioned. Cross-community reconciliation was essential.