On 22 March 2011, the Security Council met to hear the quarterly report of the President of the Sanctions Committee (the permanent representative of Colombia) established pursuant to resolution 1737 (2006).
In his statement, the representative of France regretted that "Iran continues to refuse to respect its international commitments and to comply with the requirements of the Security Council and the Board of Governors of the IAEA." "Little by little, a distinct pattern of Iranian violations is taking shape before our eyes, affecting all regions of the world - first Africa and Europe, now Asia and the Middle East, with large flows of arms and other illicit and dangerous products."
On 9 June 2011, the Security Council adopted resolution 1984 renewing for one year the mandate of the Independent Panel of Experts established by resolution 1929 (2010) ensuring that the Council’s measures to slow the development of the nuclear and ballistic program in Iran are implemented and fully effective (read France’s statement).
On 23 June 2011, the Security Council met to hear the quarterly report of the Sanctions Committee established by resolution 1737 on Iran’s nuclear program. In his statement, the representative of France underscored the alarming nature of the systematic and deliberate violations of its obligations by Iran. All categories of measures adopted by the Security Council were concerned: nuclear, ballistic arms embargo, transportation, financial and commercial area. He also noted the active role of Syria in the violations of the arms embargo which had been notified to the Committee.
On 7 September 2011, the Security Council met to hear the presentation of the quarterly report of the Sanctions Committee on the Iranian nuclear program. The chairman of the Sanctions Committee, Mr. Osorio, outlined the ongoing work of the Committee to implement the recommendations of the final report of the Panel of Experts. He also mentioned the recent joint notification by the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany and France regarding the launching of the Rassad-1 satellite by Iran on 14 June, in violation of paragraph 9 of resolution 1929 (2010).
In his statement, the representative of France stressed that the Iran’s military, nuclear and missile ambitions is a growing threat. He expressed its concern after the last IAEA report, issued on 2 September, in which the Agency said to be “increasingly concerned” by the possible existence in Iran of secret activities, “past or present” related to a possible military aspect of the Iranian program concerning the development of a nuclear payload for a ballistic missile. He also noted the practical results of the sanctions adopted by the international community against Iran and stressed the need to pursue their implementation rigorously.
On 18 November 2011, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution calling upon Iran to cooperate in the inquiry into a plot to assassinate the Saudi ambassador in Washington. It also called on Iran to uphold its international commitments, in particular the Convention on Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including diplomatic staff. France co-sponsored the resolution and welcomed its adoption.
On 21 November 2011, the United Nations General Assembly adopted another resolution expressing its deep concern at the systematic and massive violations of fundamental freedoms and human rights in Iran, with 86 countries voting in favour (6 more than in 2010) and 32 voting against (8 less than in 2010).
On 29 November 2011, the Security Council condemned the attack and ransacking of British diplomatic and consular offices in Tehran by pro-regime demonstrators. Expressing deep concern at the attacks they recalled to Iran its obligation, under international law, to respect and guarantee the inviolability of diplomatic and consular premises. French Foreign Minister Alain Juppé, on behalf of France, condemned the attacks and expressed France’s full solidarity with the United Kingdom.
On 21 December 2011, the Security Council discussed the quarterly presentation given by the Permanent Representative of Colombia as Chairman of the 1737 Sanctions Committee on the situation of the Iranian nuclear program, following the report of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), published on November 8.
In his statement, the representative of France recalled the unprecedented nature of the IAEA report which refers to its "grave concern" and details Iranian activities "specifically related to nuclear weapons." He stressed that all the evidence gathered indicate that Iran has sought, and continues to look very likely so, to develop a military program under cover of an allegedly peaceful civilian program.
On 21 March 2012, the Security Council heard the quarterly report of the Committee on sanctions against Iran presented by the Permanent Representative of Colombia and discussed Iran’s nuclear program.
Mr. Osorio recalled that in a meeting of the Committee held on 29 February, member states had underscored the need for an efficient and diligent response to the cases of violation notified to the Committee. Several member states had also expressed concerns over the illicit transfer of weapons between Iran and Syria, which had been reported to the Committee. Mr. Osorio also stressed that several violations of the regime of sanctions had been notified to the Committee since the last Council meeting, concerning the arms embargo and the ban on all launchings resorting to missile technology.
The representative of France expressed serious concerns over Iran’s pursuit of its uranium enrichment activities without credible civilian application and the development of a ballistic missile program. He also stressed the importance of continuing the implementation of sanctions of a proven impact that would bring Iran to a dialogue and to answer questions from the IAEA.
On 7 June, 2012, the Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2049, renewing the Panel of Experts’ mandate with respect to the Iranian nuclear issue until 9 July 2013. Established by Resolution 1929, this Panel is tasked with assisting the Sanctions Committee (Committee 1737) to carry out its mandate by monitoring, promoting and facilitating the implementation of measures imposed on Iran by Security Council resolutions. Its latest analyses and recommendations concerning the implementation of sanctions may be found in its final report (S/201/395), dated 9 May 2012.
The Panel of Experts plays a key role in monitoring and assessing the implementation of Security Council sanctions on Iran. It is a crucial instrument, providing analysis, carrying out investigations and providing information.
The establishment of the Iran Panel of Experts is recent, and was not concomitant to the Security Council’s initial adoption of sanctions on Iran. It was in Resolution 1929 (2010) that the Security Council established a Panel of Experts tasked with assisting the Sanctions Committee (Committee 1737) to carry out its mandate by monitoring, promoting and facilitating the implementation of measures imposed on Iran by Security Council resolutions
The group’s eight members, who are independent, are appointed by the UN secretary-general in consultation with Committee 1737. The Panel of Experts is based in New York (unlike most such panels). Its coordinator is Salomé Zourabichvili of France.
The group’s mandate is to meet, examine and analyse information concerning the implementation of measures decided by the Council vis-à-vis Iran, and in particular, the violation of their provisions. It also provides support for the Committee in other areas, notably to make member states aware of issues relating to the enforcement of sanctions, to ensure sanctions are respected, and to analyse best practices in this field. It is also responsible for making recommendations to the Committee or the Security Council to improve implementation of the sanctions.
The one-year term of the Panel of Experts was renewed for the first time by Resolution 1984 (2011) until 9 June 2012.
All States must cooperate fully with Committee 1737 and the Panel of Experts, notably by providing it with any information they may have concerning the implementation of measures imposed by Security Council resolutions. States are requested to respond swiftly and in detail to requests for information, and to invite the Panel of Experts to carry out visits and investigations in all cases presumed to be in violation of the sanctions regime.
On 12 June 2012, the Security Council heard the briefing of the Sanctions Committee on Iran established pursuant to resolution 1737.
The Permanent Representative of Colombia and President of the Committee, Mr Osorio, underlined that the sanctions regime had effectively slowed down the development of Iran’s nuclear and ballistic capabilities . However, it had not brought Iran to accept a political solution. Several cases of violations of sanctions were reported to the Committee, notably on the arms embargo.
In his statement, the Representative of France acknowledged the concrete results of the sanctions and commended the work accomplished by the Group of experts, in particular the report that had just been submitted to the Council. He expressed deep concern over the active role of Syria in the illegal arms trade with Iran as well as in light of Iran’s continuing violations of its international obligations. He called upon Tehran to fully comply with the IAEA.
On 20 September 2012, the representative of Colombia, as President of the Sanctions Committee 1737, briefed the Security Council on the activities of the Committee.
Iran continued to violate its international obligations in accordance with the resolutions of the Security Council and of the Board of Governors of the IAEA, by pursuing to seek to circumvent the sanctions regime established by the SC resolutions, and continuing its attempts acquisition of sensitive equipment, and arms exports, especially towards the Syrian regime.
In his speech, the representative of France expressed his concern about activities related to the Iranian ballistics program, and transfer of weapons to Damascus. He also welcomed the adoption of a resolution by the Board of Governors of the IAEA urging Iran to cooperate without delay to assure the international community of the exclusively civilian nature of its nuclear program. As long as Iran would not comply with its international commitments, France and its partners, would strengthen the sanctions.
On 26 September 2012, the Foreign Ministers of the E3 +3 and the High Representative of the European Union held consultations on the Iranian nuclear issue, on the sidelines of the opening debate of the General Assembly of the United Nations.
Following this meeting, the French Minister Laurent Fabius reaffirmed the unity of the Six in the approach to adopt towards Iran. He also stressed the need to continue to put pressure on the Iranian regime as long as it did not comply with its international commitments, while maintaining openness, necessary to the dialogue.
On 13 December 2012, the Permanent Representative of Colombia, as Chairman of the sanctions committee 1737 devoted to non-proliferation, briefed the Security Council on its activities. He requested all members States to cooperate with the Panel, which was currently investigating allegations of transfer of conventional arms from Iran to Syria and to non-state groups in Gaza.
The representative of France expressed deep concerns over these violations of the arms embargo, which increased tensions in the Middle East. He urged the Security Council to remain united and to maintain sanctions against the Iranian regime as long as it would not have seriously engaged itself in dialogue and negotiation.
On 6 March 2013, the Permanent Representative of Australia, as new Chairman of the sanctions committee on the Iranian nuclear program, briefed the Security Council on its activities. Many delegations, referring to the recent report of IAEA Chief Executive, urged Teheran to respect its international obligations.
The representative of France expressed deep concerns over repeated violations of the arms embargo by Iran, which were threatening the entire region. New proposals had been made by the Six to start the negotiations, but they were still hindered by the regime stringency.
On 15 July 2013, the Security Council met to hear the report of the 1737 Committee, chaired by Australia. The President of the Committee deplored once again the pursuit by Iran of its nuclear activities, and its violation of the arms embargo and the nuclear nonproliferation and ballistic rules.
France along other members of the Security Council called upon Iran to ensure full compliance with its obligations, to address the concerns of the international community and to restore trust and transparency with it immediately.