On 19 April 2011, the Security Council met on Yemen for the first time in consultations to hear a report of MM. Lynn Pascoe, Under-Secretary General for Political Affairs, and Jamal Benomar, Special Councellor to the Under-Secretary-General.
On 21 April 2011, at the quarterly public debate on the situation in the Middle East, the Permanent Representative of France, following the report submitted by Under Secretary-General for Political Affairs Lynn Pascoe, underscored in his statement France’s concern about the situation in Yemen. He reiterated France’s support to the mediation led by the Cooperation Council of Arab Gulf and called on all Yemeni parties to start a constructive dialogue towards a peaceful political transition.
On 24 June 2011, in a press statement, the Security Council expressed "grave concern" at the deteriorating security and humanitarian situation in Yemen, calling on parties to the utmost restraint and to implement an inclusive political dialogue. The members of the Security Council also reiterated their support to the mediation carried by the Gulf Cooperation Council.
On 9 August 2011, following a report by Mr. Jamal Benomar, Special Advisor for Yemen to the Department of Political Affairs, the members of the Security Council adopted, a press statement in which they expressed grave concern at the worsening tensions in the country and at the deteriorating humanitarian situation. They called for the urgent implementation of an orderly political transition and expressed their support to the initiative of the Gulf Cooperation Council.
On 24 September 2011, the members of the Security Council expressed their concern, in a press statement, over the continuing violence, as well as the economic, humanitarian and security situation in the country and urged all sides to move immediately towards a Yemeni-led orderly political transition which would meet the legitimate aspirations of the Yemeni people. The Council also called on all parties to refrain from violent actions.
On 11 October 2011, the Security Council met in private consultations to hear a report from Mr. Jamal Benomar, Special Advisor for Yemen to the Department of Political Affairs. With the support of France, the United Kingdom announced that a draft resolution on the situation in Yemen would soon be circulated to the Security Council members.
On 21 October 2011, the Security Council adopted unanimously resolution 2014, calling for an inclusive, orderly and Yemeni-led process of political transition and for and end to the human rights violations in the country.
On 24 October 2011, during a general debate of the Security Council on the situation in the Middle East, the Permanent Representative of France re-emphasized the need for a pacific process of political transition in Yemen as called for in Resolution 2014.
On 28 November 2011, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear a report by the United Nations Special Advisor, Jamal Benomar, on the situation in Yemen. In a statement to the press, the Council commended the agreement adopted by President Saleh, paving the way for a political transition process. However, progress had yet to be done concerning the security situation in the country.
On 21 December 2011, the Security Council heard in private consultations the report of the UN Special Advisor, Jamal Benomar, on the situation in Yemen.
France noted the positive developments in the application of the transitional agreement and called for the consolidation of the process in a context of political, security and humanitarian challenges facing Yemen.
On 25 January 2012, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear a report by Mr. Jamal Benomar, Special Advisor of the Secretary General on Yemen, on the situation in the country. Mr. Benomar reported political progress, after President Saleh left office in accordance to the transition plan crafted by the CCASG, the Parliament endorsing a candidate of consensus for the presidential elections of 21 February. The commitments undertaken to create a Committee of investigation on the alleged violations of Human rights had yet to be implemented. However, the security situation had deteriorated, as many areas of the country remained outside the government’s control.
The French representative commended the cooperation between the United Nations and the relevant regional Organization (Gulf Cooperation Council) aimed at initiating a process of political transition in accordance to the expectations of the Yemeni people. Supporting the electoral process to come had to be a priority.
On 7 March 2012, the Security Council heard in private consultations Jamal Benomar, Special Advisor to the Secretary-General, on the situation in the country after the holding of presidential elections that saw the population overwhelmingly go to the polls, demonstrating its ownership of the democratic process. The representative of France stressed the need for a continued commitment of the international community alongside Yemenis now that the epitome of the political crisis seemed past.
On 29 March 2012, the Security Council adopted a presidential statement on the situation in Yemen, calling on all the stakeholders in the country to play a constructive role in the political transition process and to reject violence.
On 29 May 2012, Jamal Benomar, Special Adviser of the Secretary General for Yemen, briefed the Security Council on the developments of the political transition process despite the deterioration of the security as well as humanitarian context. In this perspective, the importance of a more proactive participation of all civil society actors in the process has been emphasized.
In private consultations, the representative of France stressed that the transition was a success both for Yemen and the Security Council, and that this latter should be consolidated against any destabilization attempt. A clear message should be sent through the adoption of a resolution aimed at supporting the efforts undertaken by the Yemeni authorities.
On 12 June 2012, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2051 in which it expressed its readiness to impose sanctions on those disrupting the political transition process in Yemen.
On 17 July 2012, the Security Council Members have been briefed by Jamal Benomar, Special Adviser of the Secretary General for Yemen, on the situation in the country. He stressed the importance of the launch of the national dialogue as President Hadi convened on 16 July the preparatory committees of a national conference.
On 18 September 2012, the Security Council heard in private consultations, Mr. Benomar, Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on Yemen, and Mr. Lazzarini, Deputy Director of the Division of Coordination and Response Office for the Coordination of of Humanitarian Affairs, on the situation in that country.
The representative of France welcomed the progress in the transition process, especially concerning the preparation of the conference of the national dialogue which will bring together the key stakeholders of the Yemeni society on November 15, 2012. However, the Yemeni transition remained fragile and highly constrained by the security and humanitarian challenges facing the country. Resolving the humanitarian crisis was essential to the country’s stabilization and economic recovery. Regarding the presence of disturbing elements in Yemen, the Security Council should be prepared to consider new measures against all actions aimed at undermining the government of national unity and disrupt the political transition, in accordance with resolution 2051.
On 4 December 2012, Mr. Jamal Benomar, Special Advisor to the Secretary General for Yemen, briefed the Council on the situation in the country. He welcomed the courageous steps towards democracy taken by the Yemeni Government of National Unity who had come to power in February. Nevertheless, Yemen faced a number of challenges. Its armed forces remained divided between two sides, the Republican Guards led by the son of the former president and the First Armoured Division led by a general who had broken away from the regime during the 2011 uprising.
In his statement, the French Representative reiterated the support of France to President Hadi and his government in their efforts to implement a transition in accordance with the aspirations of the Yemeni people.
To consolidate the second step of this historical transition, the launch of a national reconciliation dialog was necessary, along with the settlement of the humanitarian crisis and the restructuring of the armed and police forces.
On 7 February 2013, the Security Council met to discuss the situation in Yemen after its visit in Sanaa on January 27, mid-term of the transition schedule.
Mr Jamal Benomar, SG Special Adviser, welcomed the announcement by President Hadi of the beginning of the National Dialogue on 18 March: it was a key feature of the second phase of the transition which was supposed to lead up to a new Constitution and elections in 2014.
The representative of France called upon the Council to keep paying close attention to anyone trying to undermine the political transition, inside and outside the territory.
On 15 February 2013, the Security Council adopted a presidential statement on the situation in Yemen. He welcomed the convening of a national dialogue on 18 March and once again he threatened to impose sanctions on those who would disrupt the political transition, especially former President Ali Abdallah Saleh.
On 4 April 2013, Mr. Jamal Benhomar, Special Adviser of the Secretary-General, presented to the Security Council the situation in Yemen, after the launch of the National Dialog Conference on 18 March. The French Representative welcomed this milestone in the yemeni transition, while calling for a better inclusion of Southern leaders in the process.
On 12 April 2013, the Security Council welcomed, in a press statement, the decrees issued by President Hadi on the reorganization of the Yemeni security sector, in compliance with the Transition Agreement and Security Council Resolutions.
On 11 June 2013, the Security Council heard the briefing of Mr. Jamal Benomar, Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on Yemen. He welcomed the national dialogue established by the Yemeni authorities for the adoption of a constitution but he also pointed out, in light of the recent fighting between rebels and security forces, that a durable and sustainable peace was achievable only through an effective national reconciliation and the pursuit of an inclusive dialogue.
The Security Council also met in closed consultations, during which the Representative of France underlined the reversible nature of the security and political improvements in Yemen, and called for the continuous commitment by the Security Council and the international community to support their efforts.
On 27 November, Mr. Jamal Benomar, Special Adviser to the Secretary-General, briefed the Security Council on the situation in Yemen during closed consultations.
The Representative of France welcomed the work already done within the framework of the National Dialogue launched on 18 March. However, obstacles to the progress of work remained numerous: some stakeholders continued to disrupt the political transition process, others threatened to boycott the Conference for the National Dialogue. In a spirit of responsibility and consensus, it was important that parties choose the options that were already set for the Conference. The Representative of France welcomed the adoption by the Security Council of a press statement which sent a firm message to the parties. They should be aware the Council was ready to take measures against the actors who hindered national dialogue. Finally, the Security Council and the United Nations should remain fully engaged to that Yemeni reconnect with the deadlines set in the Gulf initiative with regard to the transition process. It was the only way for the success of the ongoing political transition and the country’s return to stability, while the security and humanitarian situations remained a major concern.
On 5 December 2013, the Security Council adopted a Press statement condemning the attack on the Yemeni Defence Ministry and hospital that occurred in Sana’a, causing numerous deaths and injuries. It expressed its deep sympathy and sincere condolences to the families of the victims of these heinous acts, and to the people and Government of the Republic of Yemen, and those countries whose nationals have been affected.
On 28 January 2014, the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear the report of Mr. Jamal Benomar, Special Adviser to the Secretary-General, on the situation in Yemen.
The permanent representative of France expressed concerns about the threats that remained in the country. The security situation was a matter of serious concern, with the active presence of Al Qaeda, targeted assassinations or abductions. Human rights violations persisted and the humanitarian situation remained dramatic. In this context, the permanent representative welcomed the conclusion of the National Dialogue Conference with a view to the drafting of a new constitution. It was an important step in the political transition process, which allowed all Yemeni actors to express themselves and showed that the dispute settlement through dialogue was possible. It was now important for each objective to be set in the framework of a precise time-frame. Finally, the permanent representative stressed the very important role of the Security Council that had to remain engaged and vigilant for the remainder of the transition process.
On 26 February 2014, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2140 on Yemen.
The Permanent Representative of France indicated that this resolution reaffirmed the commitment of the Council and the international community to support Yemeni people in the next steps of the process of democratic transition. He also recalled that actors who would destabilize the political transition would be subject to targeted sanctions by the Security Council. Finally, this resolution demonstrated that when the Council spoke with one voice, he could be an agent of change.
The Permanent Representative of Yemen welcomed the contribution of the international community. It played a key role concerning the dialogue between all political actors, example of the cooperation between the United Nations and regional organizations. However, economic, humanitarian and security problems persisted. The Permanent Representative of Yemen therefore called on the international community to honor its commitments in order to ensure the implementation of the national dialogue conference.
On 25 March 2014, the Security Council adopted a press statement condemning the terrorist attack on 24 March in Hadramawt, which killed twenty soldiers.
On 24 April 2014, the members of the Security Council met in closed consultations to hear Mr. Benomar, Special Advisor to the Secretary General, on the latest development of the transition process in Yemen.
The Representative of France welcomed the ongoing Yemeni transition. Guidelines for the drafting of a new constitution were being implemented and the legislative and presidential elections should be held in early 2015. There was a need to ensure the respect of the timetable. However, the country would have to tackle new challenges: the humanitarian situation was still dramatic and the security situation very worrying, with numerous terrorist attacks. The adoption of resolution 2140 by the Security Council, with the introduction of a system of criminal sanctions, was sending a strong message to those willing to destabilize the situation.
On 5 May 2014, the Security Council adopted a press statement condemning the terrorist attack on 5 May in Sana’a, which killed one French national and injured others.
On 14 May 2014, Ms. Raimonda Murmokaité, Permanent Representative of Lithuania and head of the 2140 sanctions committee for an orderly political transition in Yemen, presented the initial work of the committee to the Security Council.
The committee adopted its guidelines and designated 3 out of 4 experts. It held its first meeting on 30 April on engaging with the Cooperation Council for the Arab states of the Gulf. The first report of the committee is scheduled for 25 June 2014.
During closed consultations that followed, the Permanent Representative of France commended the work of the 2140 committee, useful to help the Council accompany the political transition in Yemen. This committee would allow to identify those undermining the transition. France renewed its support to the committee.
On 20 June 2014, the Security Council held private consultations on the situation in Yemen with Mr Jamal Benomar, Special Representative of the Secretary-General.
The Deputy Permanent Representative of France took notice of encouraging elements regarding the political transition in Yemen. It followed its course since the conclusion of the national dialogue conference on 25 January, in view of the drafting of a new Constitution. Tensions persisted, especially from former President Saleh and his supporters. The security situation remained concerning because of Al-Qaida activities and because of the conflict between huthists and jihadists in northern Yemen. The Deputy Permanent Representative recalled the commitment of the Security Council in this crisis, as demonstrated by the adoption of resolution 2140 last February.