On the 26th anniversary of the International Day of the Disappeared, France would like to reaffirm the importance of the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, adopted by consensus by the UN General Assembly on December 20, 2006.
France signed and ratified this convention, which is the result of thirty years of work alongside Argentina and the Associations for the Defence of Human Rights and for the Victim’s Families. It gave rise, in 1979, to the first resolution to be presented to the UN General Assembly regarding the issue of enforced disappearances. France hosted the Convention’s signing ceremony in Paris on February 6, 2007.
It was ratified by only13 States on that day. 20 ratifications are required for the convention to enter into force.
This convention criminalizes, on behalf of a State or at its instigation, the act of enforced disappearance without providing any knowledge of the victim’s fate. In addition, it prohibits secret detentions and strengthens the guarantees of procedure with respect to detention.
The Working Group on Involuntary Disappearances of the UN Commission on Human Rights expressed its concern regarding the increasing number of cases of enforced disappearance throughout the world.
Ratification by as many countries as possible and the prompt entry into force of the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance are all the more necessary.