The members of the Security Council were briefed on 30 July 2012 by Mr Roger Meece, Special Representative of the Secretary General for the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and head of MONUSCO, on the situation in the eastern part of the DRC and specifically on the attacks perpetrated by the mutineers of the 23 March Movement (M23), including the imminent threat to the city of Goma.
The Members of the Security Council reiterate their strong condemnation of the M23 and its attacks, and reiterate their demands that the M23 cease immediately all destabilizing activities, including any advances towards the city of Goma. The Members of the Security Council urge the M23 and all armed groups to cease all forms of violence, including acts of sexual violence and the recruitment and use of child soldiers. They call on the relevant institutions to ensure that all human rights violations are investigated and that perpetrators are held accountable for their crimes. UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay recently named five commanders linked to past atrocities who present the gravest risk to civilians: ICC indictee Bosco Ntaganda, Sultani Makenga, Baudouin Ngaruye, Innocent Zimurinda and Innocent Kaina.
The Members of the Security Council express deep concern at the worsening humanitarian situation in the North Kivu province of the DRC, especially the increasing number of displaced persons and refugees, and call on the international community to provide appropriate humanitarian support. They also express concern at the possible negative impact of the prevailing situation on the security and humanitarian situation in the South Kivu province of the DRC.
The members of the Security Council welcome the recent discussion between President Kagame and President Kabila to resolve the crisis, including through the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR). They encourage the continuation of high-level dialogue at the bilateral and regional level and a full implementation of the existing regional mechanisms for addressing insecurity in the eastern part of the DRC and finding a durable political solution. In this regard, they note the planned ICGLR summit in Kampala on 7 August 2012.
The Members of the Security Council reiterate their strong condemnation of any and all outside support to the M23 and demand that all support to the M23, including from outside countries, cease immediately. They further call upon all countries in the region to cooperate actively with the Congolese authorities in dismantling and demobilizing the M23.
The Members of the Security Council reiterate their full support for United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) and its operations in the eastern part of the DRC and especially the region of Goma, including its efforts to assist the Congolese Government in protecting civilians displaced or threatened as a result of the violent activities of armed groups. They call on all parties to cooperate fully with the Mission and strongly condemn any attacks on its peacekeepers. They recall that the Congolese Government bears the primary responsibility for the protection of civilians.