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19 January 2010 - General Assembly - Intergovernmental negotiations on Security Council Reform: Statement by Gérard Araud, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations

(Translated from the French)

Dear Mr. President,

The French delegation would like to thank you for organizing this meeting within the framework of our negotiations on Security Council reform.

1. After several months of discussions we believe it is time to begin a new phase that will finally allow us to start real negotiations.

We hoped that a document from the president would facilitate our discussions.

We are happy to note that a significant number of delegations, from all regions of the world, have urged you to propose a text which would form the basis of our negotiations. You have heard this clear message.

It is now crucial that you put together a document containing options which can be prepared by you and presented to us as quickly as possible.

2. In principle, we support an expansion in the two categories of members. This is, without doubt, one element of convergence in our discussions.

Security Council reform must in fact take into account the emergence of new powers that are willing to assume the responsibility of a permanent seat in the Security Council and that are, in accordance with the United Nations Charter, able to make a significant contribution to the Council’s actions in the maintenance of international peacekeeping and security.

With this in mind, we support the accession of Germany, Brazil, India and Japan to permanent member status. We also support an increased presence of African countries within the Security Council, in particular among its permanent members. There is also the question of the presence of an Arab State as part of permanent members of the Security Council.

3. Unfortunately, there is still a very real risk - that we deeply regret - that Security Council reform could be blocked, as last year’s debates demonstrated.

In order to avoid this deadlock, we support the pragmatic option of an intermediate reform, as proposed by the President of the Republic of France and the British Prime Minister.

This intermediate reform could include the creation of a new category of seats, with a longer term than that of the current elected members. At the end of this intermediate phase, it could be decided to turn these new types of seats into permanent ones.

We are ready to work with all of our partners to determine the parameters of this intermediate reform which should be examined in detail during the current session of the United Nations General Assembly, when we hope to make significant progress.

4. Mr. President, I am counting on you to take the points I have just highlighted into consideration in your document so that, together, we can make rapid progress in our negotiations.

Thank you./.

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Organisation des Nations Unies Présidence de la République France Diplomatie La France à l'Office des Nations Unies à Genève Union Européenne Première réunion de l'ONU