Quarterly report of the 1737 Committee
I would firstly like to thank Ambassador Nishida for his quarterly report. His report arrives just at the right moment in order to reaffirm to us the reality of the Iranian nuclear issue. It demonstrates the scope and diversity of Iranian measures to bypass the sanctions.
The serious violations are accumulating: after Monchegorsk, Hansa India, Francop, and the related ANL Australia affair, there are two new cases of violations of the arms embargo imposed by resolution 1747 and probably also a violation - in the case of RDX - of the embargo on the export of dual-use goods implemented by resolution 1737.
This is a significant flow of weapons and other dangerous goods that has once again been revealed, with confirmation of routes between the port of Bandar Abbas and Lattakié in particular. And new perturbing routes that are becoming apparent in Africa. And once again, this is undoubtedly just the tip of the iceberg.
In this respect I welcome the fact that the Members States concerned have managed to intercept the shipments and have reported these violations. The reporting of these violations effectively shows that the Member States are implementing the resolutions; they prove that Iran is continuing to violate its international obligations and to threaten international and regional stability and security; they also show that the sanctions have an impact since Iran has to resort to using increasingly complex routes.
We cannot stress enough the seriousness of this type of smuggling. In this respect I agree with the concerns expressed by the Chairman of the Committee in her report. These violations constitute a threat to the security of all of us and to regional security, in regions that don’t need it. They require our utmost vigilance.
We would therefore like the panel of experts recently appointed by the Secretary-General to conduct detailed investigations into these violations in accordance with its mandate, to examine the methods used by Iran to bypass the sanctions, particularly in the transport sectors, and, based on this, to provide recommendations to the Committee.
A little earlier I mentioned the recent establishment of the panel of experts. This is good news and my country welcomes it. We will soon have a meeting of the Committee with the experts but I would now like to underline the importance of their work in effectively implementing the resolution. It is essential that the panel be able to analyze the national reports relating to its implementation, examine violations, regularly formulate recommendations to improve the sanctions regime, and develop outreach activities. We encourage all States to fully cooperate with the panel.
We also welcome the fact that the Committee has continued its educational efforts, by recently adopting guidelines on the contents of the resolutions and the respective roles of the Committee and the panel.
I mentioned before the violations submitted to the Committee and the concerns that they give rise to.
These concerns are borne out, as far as the Iranian nuclear program is concerned, by the IAEA director general’s latest report, issued on 23 November.
— This report underscores the fact that Iran still refuses to abide by its international commitments and to comply with the demands of the Security Council and the IAEA Board of Governors.
— Iran is continuing its enrichment activities, enriching uranium to 3.5 and 20 percent, as well as its heavy water projects, in violation of the international community’s repeated demands and in the absence of any credible civilian use.
— Iran is still not cooperating with the IAEA when it comes to revealing the scope and nature of these activities; in particular, it still refuses to give the Agency an answer with regard to the very serious indications of the program’s militarization. The director general indicates in his report that questions concerning the studies claimed to have taken place remain open.
The measures adopted by the Security Council are not an end in themselves; their purpose is to convince Iran to negotiate in accordance with the dual track approach pursued by the Six.
The Geneva meeting held on December 6 and 7 is, in this regard, the result of our numerous calls for dialogue and repeated efforts by Ms. Ashton and the Six to permit the resumption of talks with Iran. But this meeting could not have taken place without the notably enhanced international pressure since the adoption of resolution 1929.
In Geneva, the Six recalled their shared concerns about the Iranian nuclear program as laid out by the IAEA, the international community’s expectations and Iran’s obligations, and their determination to achieve a negotiated solution to the Iranian nuclear crisis.
We now hope Iran will use the weeks before the Istanbul meeting in January to reassess the situation in light of the messages conveyed to it in Geneva, take concrete, irreversible measure to respond to the international community’s concerns and abide by its international obligations, and that it will finally agree to consider our offers of dialogue and cooperation, in order to approach discussions with the Six constructively.
Thank you, Madam Chairman./.