I welcome the presence for the first time before the Security Council of the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy of the European Union. Her presence marks an important step in the relations between the European Union and the United Nations.
I noted with a mixture of pleasure and consternation that the majority of what I have to say has already been said by Baroness Ashton — with pleasure, as this means that there truly is a European vision of international affairs, but also with consternation, because I think I am going to be repeating much of what she has said. That having been said, repeating things is somewhat a habit for us diplomats.
The European Union is very much involved in the United Nations — first of all, in financial terms, as we contribute some 40 per cent of the United Nations budget, while our gross national product contribution amounts to only 30 per cent. We contribute 44 per cent of the resources of the United Nations Development Programme and some four fifths of the resources of the Peacebuilding Fund.The European Union is also strongly involved with the United Nations in managing crises. That has been the case for several years, with several military and civilian operations having been launched by the European Union under mandates from the Security Council. France, as a permanent member of the Council and a founding member of the European Union, has always supported this synergy between the European Union and the United Nations.
As a result, several European Union missions are currently deployed in coordination with United Nations missions. In Afghanistan, the European Union Police Mission works on police reform with the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan to stabilize that country. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the European Union mission to provide advice and assistance for security sector reform and the European Union police mission undertaken in the framework of reform of the security sector and its interface with the justice work in complement to the activities of the United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. And in Guinea- Bissau, the EU mission in support of security sector reform works in cooperation with the United Nations Peacebuilding Support Office in that country. Following the earthquake in Haiti, the European Union mobilized more than €1.2 billion, making it the top donor, and we continue to work in close coordination with United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti on the ground.
In the fight against piracy off the Somali coast, the European Union mobilized with Operation Atalanta. World Food Programme ships enjoy the protection of the European Union, as do vessels providing United Nations logistical support packets to the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). In Somalia, the European Union is also involved in training soldiers of the Somali Transitional Federal Government, in coordination with AMISOM.
With the Lisbon Treaty, the European Union is now equipped with better tools to make its voice heard on the international stage, in particular at the United Nations. France hopes that the partnership between the United Nations and the European Union on matters relating to the maintenance of international peace and security will continue and grow in strength. There are a great number of possible areas for this — through training personnel deployed in United Nations peacekeeping operations before crises occur, or strengthening African capacities to manage crises; through European Union participation in observing electoral processes — as in Burundi over the coming weeks, for example — or through working together on security sector reform, the process of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration and providing support for the Peacebuilding Commission. We are convinced that such cooperation is ever more necessary and that, today, in order to succeed, we need to mobilize all of the means at our disposal — be they political, civilian or military. In that regard, of course, the European Union has a great deal to contribute. France will spare no effort to strengthen the links between the European Union and the Organization.