(translation of French statement)
I would like first to thank Ambassador Takasu for his briefing. This presentation comes at a good time to remind us of the reality of the Iranian nuclear dossier. The Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has just given us a shocking overview of that reality in the report he submitted to the Agency’s Board of Governors on 5 June 2009.
Iran is continuing with enrichment and installing new centrifuges despite the bans issued by the Security Council. Iran has refused the repeated requests by the Agency for access to the reactor at Arak that is being built. Iran is refusing to implement certain transparency measures that derive from its safeguards agreement, or Code 3.1, and the Director General has pointed out that Iran is the only country that has significant nuclear activities that does not apply those measures. Iran continues to refuse to apply the Additional Protocol.
Finally, with regard to the investigation into the possible military dimensions of the programme, which is of course a key point, Iran has not cooperated. It has not provided access to the information, documents, sites or individuals concerned. The Agency must therefore conclude that it is not in a position to give credible assurances with regard to the absence of non declared nuclear activity in Iran.
Given this behaviour, it is up to us, the Member States, to fully apply the sanctions that were adopted following Iran’s repeated violations of its obligations. Ambassador Takasu alluded to the Monchegorsk issue, the ship chartered by the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines that was implicated in illicit trafficking on Iran’s behalf and in violation of Security Council resolutions. The Republic of Cyprus took the right decision in inspecting the vessel and impounding its cargo, but the investigation is not finished. We have to determine whether, in addition to the arms banned under resolution 1747 (2007), the cargo of the vessel has any link with the persons or entities listed in the resolutions dealing with the Iranian nuclear programme. We must insist on the seriousness of this kind of contraband, which threatens our collective security, and on the need for very strict vigilance on our part.
In conclusion, I would like to stress, as the previous speaker did, that France supports a twofold approach to the issue of Iran. The political directors of the E3+3 have proposed now for a long time that Iran meet with them, including in the presence of the American political director, and Iran has still not replied. We hope that Iran will re-evaluate its behaviour and will stop obstructing the work of the Agency. We also hope that Iran will accept the hand again extended to it and do what is required of it to restore confidence. Iran has a truly singular opportunity to do this, and France sincerely hopes that it will take this opportunity quickly.