In contrast to the regular budget and the peacekeeping operations budgets, the UN funds and programs are financed by voluntary contributions. There are two types of voluntary contributions: contributions to regular resources and earmarked contributions targeting specific projects, zones, populations, etc. In 2010, earmarked contributions accounted for about 70% of long-term development contributions.
For 2010, contributions to UN budgets for fund and programs amounted to about $23 billion. There are two kinds of operational activities for the development of funds and programs: those relating to humanitarian aid (32% in 2010) and those relating to development. Within one organization, it is possible to have two overlapping themes; thus, UNICEF’s emergency operations, which represent 26% of its total activity, are classified as operational activities focused on humanitarian aid.
In 2010, France’s contribution to operational activities amounted to $255.468 million, making it the 14th leading donor country, with $203.014 million devoted to long-term development activities. About 70% of its contribution to development activities goes to regular resources
The funds and programs followed by the French Mission in New York are the United Nations Development Programme (UNPD), UNICEF, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), and UN Women.
The UNPD continued to receive the largest share of contributions, with €13.8 million going to regular resources in 2013, despite the difficult budgetary context.
In 2013, UNICEF and the UNFPA received €3,4 million and €400,000 respectively in contributions for basic resources. As for UNICEF, the contribution by the National Committee of UNICEF France to regular resources amounted to $40.55 million in 2011, making it the fourth-largest contributing committee. The same year, earmarked contributions amounted to $41.27 million.
During the G8 summit in Muskoka, Canada, in June 2010, France pledged to take part in the Muskoka Initiative on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health. France is contributing €100 million per year for the period 2011-2015, or a total of €500 million. Half of this contribution goes to UN agencies, including UNICEF, UNFPA and UN Women, which respectively receive $8.5 million, $5 million and $1 million annually in earmarked resources during this period.
The recent change in France’s contribution to the four main funds and programs followed by the French Mission in New York and the breakdown of this amount among regular and earmarked resources is depicted in the following graph: