The Permanent Mission of France follows the activities of United Nations Funds and Programmes based in New York, particularly by attending their boards of directors sessions as a member or an observer. These institutions are:
The UNDP, created in 1966, operates in more than 170 countries in 4 main areas:
Poverty reduction and the achievement of Millennium Development Goals (MDG);
Crisis prevention and recovery;
Environment and energy for sustainable development.
Its mandate also includes the coordination of the United Nations development activities. As a result, the UNDP Resident Representative in each country normally serves as the Resident Coordinator for the United Nations system.
The UNDP also publishes the Human Development Report, which has focused on a different issue every year since 1990. This report is accompanied by a list of countries ranked in terms of their Human Development Index. The 2013 report, which dealt with the theme of “The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World”, is available online.
To carry out its activities, the UNDP draws on an annual budget of slightly more than 5 billion dollars.
The United Nations Children’s Fund has existed since 1946. Its mandate has changed over time. Its projects are currently focused on the following areas:
Child survival and development;
Basic education and gender equality;
HIV/AIDS and children;
Policy advocacy and partnerships.
UNICEF is present in more than 190 countries around the world, particularly through its national committees. The French national committee is one of the leading committees in the world in terms of fundraising.
With an annual budget of approximately 3 billion dollars, UNICEF also responds to emergency situations and humanitarian crises.
Originally created as a trust fund administered by the UNDP in 1967, the UNPFA became a subsidiary organization of the General Assembly in 1979. Its role is to address development and population issues and to do so with particular emphasis on reproductive health and gender equality. Its activities figure into the MDG and the International Conference on Population and Development Programme of Action developed in Cairo in 1994.
The UNPFA operates in more than 120 countries with a budget of roughly 1 billion dollars per year.
In 2014, the Cairo Programme of Action’s planned term of 20 years will come to a conclusion. With this in mind, the UNFPA, the organization responsible for implementing the CIPD Programme of Action, launched the “ICPD Beyond 2014” website.
UN Women was created in July 2010 as part of the system-wide coherence process. This new UN entity is dedicated to gender equality and the empowerment of women. It is the result of a merger of four UN entities dealing with issues of gender equality in terms of both operational activity and research.
In addition to the mandates of its four constituent entities, UN Women has added an additional mandate to hold the UN accountable for its commitments regarding gender equality. The organization has been in operation since September 2011. The former president of Chile, Michelle Bachelet, was until April 2013 the president of UN Women. At the ECOSOC substantive session (14-17 July 2012), she presented a first report on UN Women’s work to foster gender equality and empowerment of women. She emphasized that it was an essential instance of progress to integrate gender equality into the operational activities, but also that it must not, however, discourage agencies from carrying out projects targeting women. She deemed it of fundamental importance to create indicators allowing for the evaluation of the results of UN operational activities.
UNOPS (the United Nations Office for Project Services) was created in 1974 as part of the UNDP. It became a subsidiary organization of the General Assembly in 1995. Physically present in 20 countries and involved in more than 80, its role is to expand the capacity of the UN system and its partners to implement peacebuilding, humanitarian and development operations. Its annual budget is roughly 1 billion dollars.
In practical terms, UNOPS provides support services (project management, procurement, human resources, etc.) to UN agencies, but also directly to governments, international financial institutions, and non-governmental organizations, in the following domains: physical infrastructure, justice and security reform, census and elections, the environment, and health.
UNOPS’ specialty is intervention in particularly hostile situations: conflict areas, natural disasters (such as Afghanistan and Haiti).
The importance of UNOPS was reaffirmed by the General Assembly in its resolution dated December 20, 2010.
UN Women website