Bushehr nuclear power plant came on stream on 21 August 2010. It was a long-standing collaborative civilian nuclear power project between Russia and Iran, in which Russia will supply and reprocess the fuel necessary for its operation. The facility has been placed under the control of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
This project falls under the exemptions set out in Security Council Resolutions 1737 and 1747, which were continued in the most recent Resolution 1929 adopted on 9 June. This shows that sanctions are not intended to deprive Iran of its right to develop nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, provided that Tehran meets its international non-proliferation obligations.
The start-up of the Bushehr facility, which is fuelled by Russia, shows that Iran does not need to carry out uranium enrichment activities in order to benefit from civilian nuclear energy. It must therefore regain the confidence of the international community by suspending its sensitive activities, which are in breach of Security Council Resolutions.
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