Today, the General assembly adopted a resolution calling for a universal moratorium on the use of the death penalty, with 107 in favour (and 38 against).
This is the third resolution adopted by the General Assembly on this issue.
France and the EU, together with 63 other countries representing all regions, initiated resolutions 62/149 and 63/168 adopted in December 2007 and 2008 by the UN General Assembly calling for a universal moratorium on the use of the death penalty.
France maintains a resolute and constant commitment to promoting the universal abolition of the death penalty. This struggle constitutes one of its human rights priorities at the international level. It is also a key priority for European Union joint action.
The abolition of the death penalty was introduced into the Constitution of the Fifth Republic by the constitutional law of 23 February 2007. The Constitution also now stipulates in its article 66-1 that "no one can be condemned to death."
The Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted by the UN General Assembly in New York on 15 December 1989 aims to definitively abolish the death penalty. France endorsed this protocol in 2007. While it authorizes States to apply this punishment in time of war if they have made a reservation to that end, France did not however make such a reservation at the time of ratification of this protocol.
In close collaboration with its European partners, France is working to achieve the universal abolition of the death penalty in all relevant international arenas, notably the United Nations. France also vigorously argued in favor of banning the handing down of death sentences by international criminal courts.
The World Day against the Death Penalty is celebrated on 10 October.